The Adsorption Mechanism of Activated Carbon and Its Application - A Review

Muhammad S. Muzarpar, A. M. Leman, Norhafsam Maghpor, Nik Normunirah Mat Hassan, Norasyikin Misdana

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37869/ijatec.v1i3.37

Abstract


Activated carbon (AC) was recognized by many researchers as useful substance in adsorption of impurities. Several processes involved in the production of AC which were carbonization, crushing, and activation process. Carbonization of carbon required high temperature up to 900oC. Then the carbon will be crush to a desired size for activation process. Activation of carbon can be either chemical activation, physical activation or combination of chemical and physical activation which called physiochemical activation. The mechanism adsorption of AC commonly due to its micropore present in the carbon or the weak vander waals forces which can attract the impurities. Activated carbon have multiple function in human daily life. This study will be discuss the function of AC in the production face mask, water filtration and air filtration.


Keywords


activated carbon; carbonization; vander waals forces; face mask; water filtration; air filtration

Full Text:

PDF

Article Viewers

Abstract viewed: 109 times
PDF viewed: 22 times

References

. M S Muzarpar, A M Leman, K A Rahman, Z Shayfull and A R Irfan. Exploration Sustainable Base Material for Activated Carbon Production Using Agriculture Waste as Raw Materials: A Review. Materials Science and Engineering 864 (2020).

. M A Tadda, A. Ahsan, A Shitu, M. ElSergany, T Arunkumar, J Bipin, M A Razzaque, N N Nik

Daud. A review on activated carbon: process, application and prospects Journal of Advanced Civil Engineering Practice and Research 2(1). (2016).

. B Sadashiv and M Shivashankar. History, Method of Production, Structure and Applications of Activated Carbon Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) 6 495-498. (2017).

. Jian Guo, Yaqin Song, Xiaoyang Ji, Lili Ji, Lu Cai, Yaning Wang, Hailong Zhang and Wendong Song. Preparation and Characterization of Nanoporous Activated Carbon Derived from Prawn Shell and Its Application for Removal of Heavy Metal Ions. Materials (2019).

. Biswa Nath Bhadra, Pill Won Seo, and Sung Hwa Jhung. Adsorption of diclofenac sodium from water using oxidized activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal. (2016).

. El-Said I. El-Shafey Syeda N.F. Ali Saleh Al-Busafi Haider A.J. and Al-Lawati. Preparation and characterization of surface functionalized activated carbons from date palm leaflets and application for methylene blue removal. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. (2016).

. P. Iovino, S. Canzano, S. Capasso, A. Erto, and D. Musmarra. A modeling analysis for the assessment of ibuprofen adsorption mechanism onto activated carbons. Chemical Engineering Journal 277. (2015)

. Zhigang Jia, Ziyu Li, Shengbiao Li, Yanhua Li, and Rongsun Zhu. Adsorption performance and mechanism of methylene blue on chemically activated carbon spheres derived from hydrothermally-prepared poly(vinyl alcohol) microspheres. Journal of Molecular Liquids 220 (2016).

. Basic of activated carbon adsorption retrieved from https://www.desotec.com/en/carbonology/carbonology-academy/what-adsorption on 29th august 2020

. Elwood v. Rinehart. Activated Carbon Basic. (2000).

. Jo Anne G. Balanay and Claudiu T. Lungu. Determination of pressure drop across activated carbon fiber respirator cartridges. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. (2015).

. Tanada, S., N. Kawasaki, T. Nakamura, M. Araki, and Y. Tachibana: Characteristics of nonafluorobutyl methyl ether (NFE) adsorption onto activated carbon fibers and different-size-activated carbon particles. J. Coll. Interface Sci. 228:220–225 (2000).

. Mallouk, K.E., D.L. Johnsen, and M.J. Rood: Capture and recovery of isobutane by electrothermal swing adsorption with post-desorption post-desorption liquefaction. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(18):7070–7075 (2010).

. Liu, W., and S. Adanur: Desulfurization properties of activated carbon fibers. J. Eng. Fiber. Fabr. 9(2):70–75 (2014).

. Baderin Osman, A.M Leman, N.M Razif Noraini and Norshah Afizi Shuaib. Market Surveillance of Filtering Facepiece (FFP)of Respirator Protective Equipment (RPE): Malaysian Perspectives Materials Science and Engineering. (2020).

. Zhuanglei Zou and MaoshengYao. Air flow resistance and bio-filtering performance of carbon Nano tube filters and current facepiece respirators. Journal of Aerosol Science 79 (2015).

. Małgorzata Okrasa , Jörn Hitz, Aleksandra Nowak, Agnieszka Brochocka, Christoph Thelen and Zbigniew Walczak. Adsorption Performance of Activated-Carbon-Loaded Nonwoven Filters Used in Filtering Facepiece Respirators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. (2019)

. Khayan Khayan, Taufik Anwar, Slamet Wardoyo and Widyana Lakshmi Puspita. Active Carbon Respiratory Masks as the Adsorbent of Toxic Gases in Ambient Air. Journal of Toxicology. (2019)

. Md Sumon Reza, ABM Kamrul Hasan, Shammya Afroze, Muhammad S. Abu Bakar, Juntakan Taweekun, and Abul K. Azad. Analysis on Preparation, Application, and Recycling of Activated Carbon to Aid in COVID-19 Protection. The International Journal of Integrated Engineering. (2020)

. Guan, W.J., Zheng, X.Y., Chung, K.F., & Zhong, N.S. Impact of air pollution on the burden of chronic respiratory diseases in China: time for urgent action. The Lancet, 388(10054), 1939–1951(2016).

. Li, D., Zhou, J., Wang, Y., Tian, Y., Wei, L., Zhang, Z., Qiao, Y., & Li, J., (2019). Effects of activation temperature on densities and volumetric CO 2 adsorption performance of alkali-activated carbons. Fuel, 238(2018).

. C. Lorimier, A. Subrenat, L. Le Coq, and P. Le Cloirec, “Adsorption of toluene onto activated carbon fibre cloths and felts: application to indoor air treatment,” Environ. Technol., vol. 26, pp. 127–1230, 2005.

. Hak-Joon Kim, Bangwoo Han, Chang Gyu Woo, Yong-Jin Kim , Gi-Taek Lim and Weon Gyu Shin. Air Cleaning Performance of a Novel Electrostatic Air Purifier Using an Activated Carbon Fiber Filter for Passenger Cars. IEEE Transactions On Industry Applications. (2017).

. Myungjoon Kima, Gi-Taek Lima, Yong-Jin Kima, Bangwoo Hana, Chang Gyu Wooa, and Hak-Joon Kim. A novel electrostatic precipitator-type small air purifier with a carbon fiber ionizer and an activated carbon fiber filter. Journal of Aerosol Science. (2018).

. Hyungseok Nama, Shuang Wangb,and Hee-Rok Jeongc. TMA and H2S gas removals using metal loaded on rice husk activated carbon for indoor air purification. Fuel 213 (2018).

. Johannes Altmann, Daniel Rehfeld, Kai Tr€ader, Alexander Sperlich, and Martin Jekel. Combination of granular activated carbon adsorption and deep-bed filtration as a single advanced wastewater treatment step for organic micropollutant and phosphorus removal. Water Research 92 (2016).

. Shashika Madushi Korotta-Gamage and Arumugam Sathasivan. A review: Potential and challenges of biologically activated carbon to remove natural organic matter in drinking water purification process. Chemosphere 167 (2017).

. Y. Wang, B.-Y. Gao, W.-W. Yue, Q.-Y. Yue, Adsorption kinetics of nitrate from aqueous solutions onto modified wheat residue, Colloids Surf. A. Physicochem. Eng. Asp., 308 (2007).

. A.A. Babaei, A. Azari, R.R. Kalantary, B. Kakavandi, Enhanced removal of nitrate from water using nZVI@ MWCNTs composite: synthesis, kinetics and mechanism of reduction, Water Sci. Technol., 72 (2015).

. A. Azari, A.-A. Babaie, R. Rezaei-Kalantary, A. Esrafili, M. Moazzen, B. Kakavandi, Nitrate removal from aqueous solu¬tion by carbon nanotubes magnetized with nano zero-valent iron, J. Mazandaran Univ. Med. Sci. (JMUMS), 23 (2014).

. M. Ahmadi, A.H. Mahvi, Z. Doroud, B. Ramavandi, P. Teymouri, Kinetic and equilibrium studies of nitrate adsorption from aqueous solution by lewatite FO 36, Environ. Eng. Manage. J., 15 (2016).

. Mehdi Ahmadia, Hasan Rahmani, Bahman Ramavandi, and Babak Kakavandi. Removal of nitrate from aqueous solution using activated carbon modified with Fenton reagents. Desalination and Water Treatment. (2017).

. Syieluing Wong, Norzita Ngadi, Ibrahim M. Inuwa, and Onn Hassan. Recent advances in applications of activated carbon from biowaste for wastewater treatment: A short review. Journal of Cleaner Production 175 (2018).

. Sabrina Sorlini, Michela Biasibetti, Maria Cristina Collivignarelli and Barbara Marianna Crotti. Reducing the chlorine dioxide demand in final disinfection of drinking water treatment plants using activated carbon. Environmental Technology (2015).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Share This Article



Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Advanced Technology in Mechanical, Mechatronics and Materials


IJATEC is indexed by the following abstracting and indexing services:


International Journal of Advanced Technology in Mechanical, Mechatronics and Material (IJATEC)
Institute for Research on Innovation and Industrial System (IRIS)
Jl.Raya Mustika Jaya No 88, Mustika Jaya, Bekasi Kota - 17158
Telp./Fax: +62 815-7499-5509
p-ISSN: 2720-8990
e-ISSN: 2720-9008
www.ijatec.com/index.php/ijatmmm


Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.